La ferrovia Eizan

August 17, 2019

La ferrovia Eizan

Yuji Yamazaki     Ryota Fuji

treno eiden bosco

Un treno Eizan nel paesaggio naturale

Eizan Electric Railway (spesso abbreviato in Eiden) è una compagnia ferroviaria che gestisce il percorso dalla stazione Demachiyanagi nel quartiere Sakyoku a Yase e Kurama nel comune di Kyoto.

I sedili dei treni sono normalmente allieneati sui lati del convoglio e rivolti verso l’interno, ma ci sono anche treni panoramici in cui i sedili sono rivolti verso gli ampi finestrini, permettendo di vedere il paesaggio e di ammirare i mutamenti stagionali della natura.

Come si prendono i treni della compagnia Eizan

 

  1. Quando si sale

Si sale dalla porta posteriore. Nelle stazioni presidiati si acquistano i biglietti ai distributori automatici. Nelle stazioni non presidiate non vi è alcun distributore per i biglietti e quindi si deve pagare nel treno. Quando si sale si deve ritirare il biglietto che riporta il numero della stazione di salita dalla macchina erogatrice che si trova a sinistra della porta. Ci sono anche stazioni non presidiate in cui sono installati i distributori automatici di biglietti, ma si tratta solo di quelle più affollate.

  1. Quando si scende

Nelle stazioni presidiate si paga in contanti al cancello della biglietteria, mostrando il biglietto che riporta il numero della stazione di salita, oppure si consegna il biglietto precedentemente acquistato all’addetto. Nelle stazioni non presidiate si devono inserire nella casella tariffaria vicino al posto di guida il biglietto col numero della stazione di salita e il contante corrispondente alla tartiffa dovuta o il biglietto precedentemente acquistato. Solamente nella stazione di Demachiyanagi si trovano macchine per l’esame dei biglietti ai cancelli automatici di uscita in cui si devono inserire i biglietti acquistati nella stazione di salita.

Mappa del percorso

Alla stazione di Takaragaike la linea si divide in due, la linea Eizan e la linea Kurama.

Tariffe

Le tariffe sono basate su un sistema a settori. I confini dei settori sono alla stazione di Shugakuin, alla stazione di Iwakura, alla stazione di Nikenchaya e alla stazione di Ninose, e quando si attraversano queste stazioni aumenta il numero dei distretti percorsi, quindi anche la tariffa cresce.

1º settore: adulti 210 yen, bambini 110 yen

2º settore: adulti 260 yen, bambini 130 yen

3º settore:  adulti 330 yen, bambini 170 yen

4º settore:  adulti 380 yen, bambini 190 yen

5º settore: adulti 420 yen, bambini 210 yen

(Adulti: maggiori di 12 anni; bambini: da 6 a 12 anni)

I bambini fino a un anno non pagano, e un passeggero pagante può accompagnare fino a due bambini tra 1 e 6 anni non paganti.

treno eiden

Un treno in città

Esempi di tariffe

Demachiyanagi → Ichijoji, Shugakuin

Adulti 210 yen, bambini 110 yen

Demachiyanagi → Yase-Hieizanguchi

Adulti 260 yen, bambini 130 yen

Demachiyanagi → Kibuneguchi, Kurama

Adulti 420 yen bambini 210 yen

Lo staff della compagnia è sempre presene alla stazione principale di Demachiyanagi, dove sono sempre in funzione anche i distributori automatici di biglietti e i cancelli automatici di uscita. Non ci sono altre stazioni in cui il personale è sempre presente.

Nei periodi di maggior affluenza turistica le stazioni di Kibuneguchi e Yase-Hieizanguchi sono presidiate in via straordinaria, come anche la stazione di Iwakura durante il periodo in cui si vanno ad ammirare le foglie autunnali.

In alcuni giorni feriali sono presidiate le stazioni di Chayama, Ichinariji, Shugakuin, Iwakura, Kino, Kyoto Seika University e la stazione di Nikenchaya.

Biglietto giornaliero Eizan Railway 1 Day Pass

Si possono acquistare biglietti giornalieri che consentono un uso illimitato dei treni Eizan per un giorno, molto convenienti per i turisti.

  1. Dove si possono acquistare i biglietti giornalieri

Stazioni di Demachiyanagi, Shugakuin, Kurama(dalle 9:40 alle 16:30)

  1. Tariffe

Adulti 1,000 yen, bambini 500 yen

Collaborazione con fumetti e anime

Nell’ambito delle attività per il rilancio della città, Eizan Railways sta collaborando con vari fumetti, cartoni animati e video giochi, tramite l’esposizione di disegni su pannelli o cartelli all’interno dei treni o nelle stazioni.

URL

Eizan Railway – English

https://eizandensha.co.jp/en/

Autumn Leaves in Kyoto

by Hikari Yanagihara, Kazuki Nakamoto, and Haruna Masuzaki

Every year in the late autumn, the leaves in Kyoto turn beautiful colors of red, yellow, orange, and brown. This colorful display is called kouyou. At this time of the year, the leaves change with the drop in temperature from autumn to winter, showing the power of nature. Every year the leaves turn different colors. The beauty of kouyou is amazing in some years, but less spectacular in other years. For example, some leaves turn red, while other leaves turn yellow. The resulting color depends on a variety of conditions, such as the species of tree and the conditions in the environment, such as temperature, sunlight, and water. The most important factor is the temperature. When the change in temperature is larger, the leaves become more beautiful. In addition, the quality of color in kouyou can be effected by typhoons from the summer or early fall. Therefore some leaves turn red early, while others later in the season.

The leaves in Kyouto turn beautiful colors of many colors.

Kouyou

Kouyou Charm in Kyoto

Japanese kouyou is famous for its beauty, not only amongst Japanese people, but also foreigners. And one of the most famous places to see the beautiful kouyou in Japan is Kyoto. One reason is because there are so many temples and shrines with gardens in Kyoto. These places are an important part of traditional Japanese culture, so they are protected carefully and taken care of well. Therefore, people love to visit Kyoto in the fall to see the autumn colors and to experience Japanese tradition. When kouyou and Japanese tradition are combined in this way, it makes the experience of visitors much more special. This is something very hard to experience outside of Japan.

There are many places to view kouyou in Kyoto.

Japanese Kouyou

There are many places to view kouyou in Kyoto. For example, visitors can see the beautiful red leaves of trees at the famous Kiyomizu temple at night because they are lit up. It is a special experience. Also, they can enjoy riding a well-known kouyou viewing trolley in the well-known Arashiyama district on the west side of the city. The most appealing points of kouyou are both the variety of tree species, and the way the view is different each year. Much of the beauty of the leaves is difficult to capture in a photo, so you should come to Kyoto to see it with your own eyes.

Autumn Leaf Types

In Japan, there are two different words used to refer to the trees that produce the most beautiful colors in the fall: momiji and kaede, both of which refer to species of the maple tree family. Typically their leaf color is a deep red in the fall.

Momiji (Japanese maple tree)

There are many species of maple in Japan, but one particular species is native to Japan: the momiji (Acer palmatum). Japan is like a treasure house of momiji. In fact, the kanji for kouyou (紅葉) can be read as ‘momiji’ or ‘kouyou’, so momiji are symbolic of the kouyou experience in Japan.

There are many species of maple in Japan

Japanese Momiji

One of the best places to see momiji in the fall is in Kinkakuji (The Golden Pavillion). The best time to see momiji there is generally from mid-November through the first ten days of December, a peak window of about one week. That window depends entirely on environmental factors as discussed previously. If you go to see kouyou too early, they are still green. But the deep red color begins to emerge in November.

Kaede

Kaede is a more general term for ‘maple tree’ in Japanese language. It can refer to all maple trees, including the momiji. However, the term ‘momiji’ typically refers to maple leaves that are small, sharp, and 5-pointed. On the other hand, ‘kaede’ often is used to describe maple leaves that are larger and 3-pointed, like a frog’s hands. In fact, the origin of the word ‘kaede’ means ‘frog’s forlegs’.

Kaede is a more general term for maple tree.

Japanese Kaede

There are a lot of kaede – along with a few momiji – in the world famous Kiyomizu Temple complex. The scale is huge, with more than 1,000 trees. The best time of the year to see kaede at Kiyomizu Temple is from the middle ten days of November to the first ten days of December. What is special about this collection of maple tree is that visitors can view them at night because they are lit up from November 15th to December 8th. However, because Kiyomizu Temple is such a popular destination for tourists, it is very crowded during kouyou season.

Best Places to View Kouyou

There are many temples and shrines in Kyoto, but some in particular are better for viewing the autumn leaves than others. Below are 3 places we recommend for experiencing the beauty of kouyou.

Hosenin

Hosenin is a small temple complex outside of Kyoto in the hills north of the city. Because of its distance from the city center, not many people know about this temple. There is also lot of nature in Hosenin, making it a great place to see the momiji in the fall. The kouyou at Hosenin is really beautiful. In the garden, sightseers can see bright kouyou, and can view them while drinking powdered green tea and eating cakes. The fresh green bamboo of the garden and the contrast of the red autumn maples are very beautiful. Moreover, the place is lit up in the night, so it’s just too good to pass up. Visitors can see the green bamboo and kouyou, which seem to float in darkness. Also visitors can be healed by the sound of a water harp. Visitors find it hard to take their eyes off of the view of kouyou reflected on the surface of water in the pond. It is mesmerizing.

This is a small temple complex outside of Kyoto.

Housenin

Access:
From Kyoto station, you should the train bound for kokusaikaikan and get off kuramaguchi station.Then, walk about 6 minutes straight.

Enkoji

For tourists interested in taking photos, we recommend Enkouji Temple. Enkouji reflects the changes of each season well. The kouyou colors in the autumn are especially beautiful in the gardens of the temple. In fact, the gardens there match well with the outside scenery, so we can take beautiful photos. Many gardens of Kyoto are too crowded with people, so it is difficult to take good pictures. However, at Enkoji, monks keep certain areas of the garden clear of people, so visitors can take beautiful pictures. Moreover, the kouyou at Enkoji are varied, so people can see many different bright colors, making for a fantastic view. One of the gardens is named “Garden of Ten Cows” and had particularly bright kouyou. Also, Enkoji is known for its fallen kouyou. Even after the leaves have fallen onto the ground, it is still very beautiful. For this reason, many people visit Enkoji een after the kouyou have fallen.

For tourists interested in taking pictures.

Enkouji

Access:
From Kyoto station, you should take the bus of the five section.

Kiyomizudera

Kiyomizu-dera temple is perhaps one of the most famous temples in Kyoto and in Japan. It was originally constructed in 798 by Sakanoueno Tamuramaro, and is known for its large wooden balcony. The main hall of the Buddhist temple, which stands up upon a cliff in the hills east of the city, was rebuilt in 1633 by Iemitsu Tokugawa. From this location, visitors can get a magnificent view of the whole city of Kyoto. Kiyomizumeans “pure water.” The water at the temple is said to have the power to heal the soul and also to make the dreams come true of those who drink it. The kouyou at Kiyomizu-dera temple are very beautiful. Every year lots of people visit during the autumn season. The foilage is also lit up at night during the kouyou season, which is beautiful, like a dream. So, not only can visitors get a nice view of the city from the great balcony, but also we can see the temple surrounded by kouyou in full color from a different view. It is a scene right out of a painting.

This is perhaps one of the most famous temple in Kyoto.

Kiyomizu temple

Access:
From Kyoto station, you should take the No,206 city buses bound for higashi-dori-kitaoji bus terminal.

Breezeways, Maples and Eikando

by Rie Susuki, Aya Suzuki, and Yuino Takenaka

Eikando

History

Eikando Side

Momiji no Eikando

Eikando is a well-known temple located at the foot of the eastern hills in Kyoto between the famous temples of Nanzenji and Ginkakuji. Its formal name is Shoju-raigo-san Muryosu-in Zenrin-ji. Although Eikando was first a temple of the Shigon-shu sect of Buddhism, it now belongs the Jodo-shu sect. It was founded by Shinsho, a pupil of the great Japanese priest Kukai, and one of three Kangakuin (academic institutes) and so is notable for knowledge. Shinsho decided to purchase the mansion of Fujiwara no Sekio and make it into a temple. However, such practices were prohibited in Kyoto at the time, so it was only ten years later that it was officially recognized as a temple by the 56th emperor of Japan, Emperor Seiwa in 863. But it wasn’t called “Eikando” then. Eventually it was renamed after one of its chief priests, Eikan-rishi, who had made efforts to create charities to help the sick and poor. The temple was thus named Eikando. The temple was converted to the Jodo-shu sect from the Shingon-shusect in the 17th century.

Eikando is also commonly known as “momiji no Eikando” (Eikando of maples) in Japan. The precinct in which Eikando is located is dyed bright red by the maple trees in the autumn. Many maple trees surround the Garyurou (cloister), which sits on a forested slope above the main buildings of the temple. There are several breezeways between each of the buildings of the temple; a curved breezeway connects the Shaka-do and Zuishi-den. It is ideal to view the colored maple trees from these breezeways. This is one of the features unique to Eikando. Eikando’s maple trees draw thousands of visitors in November.

Highlights

Karamon - the Chinese Gate

Karamon - the Chinese Gate

Karamon (Chinese Gate)

This stunning entrance was said only to be opened when a messenger from the Imperial Court arrived. There is a sand heap between this entrance and the Shaka-do. Before the messenger from the Imperial Court entered the Shaka-do, he would level the heap of sand as an act of purification.

Hiyoke-no-Amida(the Buddha who escaped from the fire)

Zuishi-den is dedicated to the Amida Buddha. Five images of the Buddha were placed in the temple by the priest Shinjou. But four of these images went up in flames during the Onin-no-ran (Onin war in 1467-1477). Miraculously, one image of the Buddha was saved. This image of Buddha was named as “Hiyoke-no-Amida” (“escaped from the fire”) and was placed in the Zuishi-den, where it still is now.

Shaka-do

The Shaka-do was built in the Muromachi period. There are six rooms that are divided with painted fusuma (a papered sliding door used as a room partition). The paintings on the fusuma are called Shoutyou-zu and Gunsen-zu. This building exemplifies Shoin-Zukuri, or traditional style of Japanese residential architecture.

Garyurou

Garyurou at Eikando

Garyurou

The Garyurou is the temple’s cloister. The curved breezeway to the cloister is constructed of lumber that is cleverly jointed. It ascends the mountain slope and is so curved that it looks like a “dragon.” If you go up to the cloister you may feel strange, as if you are inside the body of a dragon.

Mikaeri Buddha – “Amitabha looking back”

In Eikando, there is an unusual wooden statue of a standing Buddha who is looking to his left. Why is he looking left? It refers to an incident that occurred in 1082, when Eikan-rishi was 50 years old. Eikan-rishi was circling around the alter praying to the Buddha. Then suddenly, as it has been told, the Buddha image got down from his platform and led Eikan-risshi around the alter. Eikan-rishi was surprised and stopped walking. Buddha looked back over his left shoulder and said: “Eikan-rishi, you are too slow, keep up!” So the Buddhist figure on the altar now looks to his left, over his shoulder.

Personal Impressions

We visited Eikando in winter. Formerly my friends and my teacher said that Eikando was a good spot for viewing the colored leaves of autumn. We became interested in this spot and decided to visit. This temple is often referred to as “Eikando of autumnal tints” and many people say the colored maples here are truly marvelous. During the fall season, the maple trees are sometimes illuminated at night. There are some 3,000 maple trees on the temple grounds. Eikando can be a good dating spot. When we visited Eikando, the temple roofs were covered with snow and our eyes sparkled with excitement.

On the premises of Eikando, there is a beautiful pond. Some cute ducks float there. The pond has a shrine on an island. In this temple, there are many national treasures and important cultural properties, so we could enjoy and not lose interest. We had free time after visiting Eikando, so we visited Nanzen-ji which is nearby. This is convenient for many tourists. We could enjoy not only the view but also temple buildings. We recommend you visit Eikando.

Eikando Pagoda

Access

By Bus: Nearest bus stop: Nanzen-ji Eikando michi
From Kyoto Station: Kyoto Station mae bus stop (No. 5)

By Subway Line: Nearest station: Keage

URL: http://www.eikando.or.jp/English/keiroannai_e.htm

Outuno de Quioto

by RyosukeYamamoto; HattaMariko; Yoshimasa Saito

No Japão costuma-se contemplar a natureza no outono. O outuno de Quioto é conhecido pelo vermelho das suas folhas, ou o chamado “momiji”.

De acordo com vários inquéritos realizados no Japão, o lugar mais famoso para contemplação das folhas vermelhas de Quioto é o Templo Kyomizudera.

Em segundo lugar, está Arashiyama, cujo nome significa “Montanha da Tempestade”.

Em terceiro lugar estão o Templo Sanzen-in e o Templo Eikando.

O Templo Sanzen-in fica um pouco afastado do centro da cidade, a cerca de uma hora da Estação de Quioto. O “momiji” do Templo Eikando é muito famoso em todo o Japão.

Voltando ao Templo Kyomizudera, pode visitar este local pegando o ônibus nº3 na Universidade de Estudos Estrangeiros de Quioto, saindo em Kawaramachi. Aí, pega o ônibus nº207 até Kyomizumichi. Aqui poderá subir o caminho conhecido por “Kyomizuzaka”, durante mais ou menos um quilômetro. Durante este passeio, tem muitas lojas pequenas onde poderá comprar lembranças.

Não só no outono, mas durante todo o ano este lugar é visitado por muitos turistas. Este lugar foi classificado pela UNESCO como Patrimônio da Humanidade.

Este templo tem um grande terraço onde poderá observar o “momiji” no seu esplendor. Este local está aberto à noite e iluminado em novembro e dezembro. Se estiver em Quioto nestes meses, não deverá perder esta experiência!