Japanischer Reiswein (Sake) – Gekkeikan Okura Sake Museum

March 20, 2014

von Rina Watanabe

Haben Sie schon einmal Reiswein (Sake) probiert? Reiswein ist ein traditionelles, alkoholisches Getränk in Japan. In Kyoto gibt es etwa 80 verschiedene Hersteller. Hier möchte ich Ihnen diese Spezialität vorstellen, besonders die in Kyoto sehr berühmte Marke Gekkeikan.

Die Sake-Brauerei Gekkeikan wurde im Jahr 1637 von Jiemon Okura in Fushimi, Kyoto gegründet. Auf Deutsch bedeutet der Name „Lorbeerkranz“, also das Symbol für Sieg und Ehre, wie zum Beispiel bei der Olympiade. 1905 wurde Gekkeikan als Reisweinmarke zum eingetragenen Warenzeichen. Gekkeikan ist nicht nur eine Reisweinmarke, sondern auch eine Aktiengesellschaft. Ziel der Brauerei ist es, den besten Reiswein der Welt zu produzieren.

 

Die Gebäude der Gekkeikan-Brauerei haben ebenfalls etwas sehr Traditionelles und Japanisches. Sie wurden im Jahr 2008 vom Ministerium für Wirtschaft und Industrie als Kulturerbe der industriellen Modernisierung anerkannt und stehen unter Denkmalschutz. Das Museum „Gekkeikan Okura Kinenkan“ stellt die Geschichte des Reisweins vor und erklärt, wie man Reiswein brauen kann. Auch das zum Brauen nötige Handwerkszeug ist dort ausgestellt. Nach der Besichtigung kann man zwei Reisweinsorten und Pflaumenwein probieren. Wenn man einen Tag im Voraus im Gekkeikan Okura Kinenkan anruft und reserviert, kann man auch die kleine Sake-Brauerei Gekkeikan Sakekobo besichtigen. Dort produziert man 40 Hektoliter Reiswein pro Jahr.

 

Das Wasser für den Reiswein (Sakamizu) Sake besteht aus nur Wasser und Reis. Die Stadt Fushimi ist seit alten Zeiten reich an Wasser, das von auserlesener Qualität ist. Es gibt dort etwa 24 Brauereien.

 

 

 

 

Im Museum kann man auch Reiswein-Fässer (Sakadaru) sehen. Das feierliche Öffnen eines Fasses wird Kagamibiraki genannt und gehört eigentlich zur Zeremonie an Neujahr. Ab und zu wird diese Zeremonie auch abgehalten, wenn man einen Neubau errichtet oder eine Hochzeit feiert. Nach der Öffnung der Fässer trinkt man zusammen Reiswein. Kagami bedeutet Friede und Biraki bedeutet Ewigkeit. Natürlich kann man auch in einer japanischen Kneipe (Izakaya) oder im Restaurant Reiswein trinken, zum Beispiel Gekkeikan oder Umeshu -Pflaumenwein. In Japan trinken wir normalerweise warmen Reiswein (Kan) und nur wenig kalten Reiswein (Hiya). Doch Achtung: In Japan darf man erst ab 20 Jahren Alkohl trinken. Viel Spaß und Prost bei Ihrem Besuch in Kyoto!

Information

Gekkeikan Okura Sake Museum (月桂冠大倉記念館)

Adresse: Minamihama-cho 247, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto

Telefonnumer: +81-(0)75-623-2056

Öffnungszeit: 9:30~16:30

Geschlossen: Jahresanfang, Jahresende, Obon-Ferien (Mitte August)

Eintrittsgeld: Erwachsene 300 Yen inkl. Probierglas Reiswein (180ml)

Schüler (Mittel- und Oberstufe) 100 Yen inkl. Postkarte des Museums

Kinder und Grundschüler kostenlos

Verkehrsanbindung : 5-7 Minuten Fußweg von der Station Chushojima (Keihan Linie)

oder 10-15 Minuten Fußweg von der Station Momoyama Goryo-mae (Kintetsu Kyoto Linie).

URL: http://www.gekkeikan.co.jp/english/products/museum/index.html

Matsunoo Grand Shrine

by Maki Mizobata; Natsuki Mitsuya
Matsunoo Grand Shrine (also known as Matsuo Grand Shrine) is located at the west end of Shijo Street, beyond Matsuo Bridge. This shrine is the oldest shrine in Kyoto, and the divinity worshipped here is a god of brewing sake. Throughout the year, more than a thousand people who are engaged in brewing sake visit Matsunoo Grand Shrine. There is also a famous well, Kame-no-I, as well as three gardens, and the treasury and Honden have been designated as important cultural properties.

History

In ancient times, the people who settled in the area around this shrine orshipped a boulder on Mt. Matsuo called Iwakura as their guardian deity. In 5 AD, a lord of the Hata clan, who had emigrated from Korea, settled in the area and introduced agriculture and forestry. The Hata clan also chose the deity of Mt. Matsuo as its guardian deity. In 701, Hata-no-imikitori built the shrine. Because the Hata clan had a lot of power and money, they were involved in the relocation of the Imperial capital to Nagaoka-kyo (784) and later to Heian-kyo (794). Therefore, they won the Imperial court’s confidence, and Matsunoo Grand Shrine was honored by the Imperial house. Not only has this shrine long played a role in ensuring the peace of the nation and protecting the people who live around it, but the shrine also houses guardian deities of cultivation, flood control, and trade. Since the Hata clan introduced to Japan the method of brewing sake, brewers and makers of miso paste visit Matsunoo Grand Shrine to pray for the success of their endeavors.

Deities

Matsunoo Grand Shrine enshrines Oo-yamagui-no-kami and Nakatsu-shima-hime-no-mikoto. The former is a male deity who governs Mt. Hiei and Mt. Matsuo. The latter, otherwise known as Ichiki-shima-hime-no-mikoto, is a female deity who protects people during their travels.

Honden

Since the time the Hata clan founded the shrine, the Honden, or the main shrine building, has been through several reconstructions, and the present one was built in 1397 and repaired in 1542 during the Muromachi period. Because of its unique style of roof, which is called Matsuo-zukuri, or Matsuo style, the Honden has been designated as an important cultural property.

Shofu-en

Shofu-en has three famous gardens: Iwakura, Horai and Kyokusui. These gardens were designed by Mirei Shigemori during the Showa era. They are not so old but are among the greatest of the works made after the Meiji era. He designed them with a combination of rocks, and the opposite ideas of “stillness” and “movement” are harmonized well.

・Iwakura Garden(The ancient era style)

This garden was made to be the spiritual place for the god of Mt. Matsuo. Two main boulders symbolize the god and the goddess who are enshrined in this shrine. Other rocks around them represent dieties dependent on the main ones.

・Horai Garden (Kamakura era style)

The Kaiyu style, which you can enjoy by walking around the garden, is used here, and there are islands in the pond. In this garden, we can imagine a place where an unworldly man lives. It is said that this garden expresses Horai ideas, which include a longing for a world where people will not grow old and die.

・Kyokusui Garden (Heian era style)

The Heian era, when Matsunoo Grand Shrine was most prosperous, is the theme of this garden. Water channels its way along the foot of a hill, curving seven times, and there are many glaucous (light blue and green) rocks on the hill. The design is simple, but its color scheme is unique.

Kame-no-I (A well)

Near the waterfall Reiki-no-taki is a well of spring water, Kame-no-I, which is said to produce a mysterious effect. This water is famous for producing longevity and revival. Sake brewers put the water of Kame-no-I into their sake because not only do they adore the deities but also they believe the sake will not go bad.

Sake-no-Shiryokan (Museum of Sake)

Since Matsunoo Grand Shrine has housed a god of sake from ancient times, it is believed that sake brewed with water from here will bring people happiness and prosperity. In the Museum of Sake,we can see the tools used in brewing sake that were donated by sake brewers, and also we can learn about the tradition and history of sake.

Ichinoi River

There are about 3,000 Japanese rose bushes within the shrine’s precinct. The Japanese rose is most beautiful in April and May when it blooms. Especially, the harmony of the stone bridge, fresh green leaves, and Japanese rose bushes along the Ichinoi River is wonderful.

Festival

The Matsunoo Festival consists of two processions: Shinko-sai and Kanko-sai. Shinko-sai is held on the first Sunday after April 20th. Six mikoshi, or portable shrines, are carried and ferried across the Katsura River to the opposite side, and each mikoshi is placed in a shrine there. Three weeks later,the mikoshi are returned to Matsunoo Grand Shrine, and this procession is called Kanko-sai.

Access

  • By bus: Take Kyoto city bus No. 28 or Kyoto bus No. 73 from Kyoto Station to the “Matsuo-taisha-mae” bus stop.
  • By Hankyu Railway: Get off at “Matsuo” station.

Fees for Garden and Treasure House

  • Adult: 500 yen
  • Student: 400 yen
  • Child: 300 yen

*Admission to Sake-no-Shiryokan (Museum of Sake) is free.

Open

  • Garden: 9:00 – 16:00 (9:00 – 16:30 Sundays and holidays)
  • Museum of Sake: 9:00 – 16:00